The Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative

The Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative is helping birds survive and ranchers thrive in the Southern Great Plains.

Good For Birds & Herds

We apply the power of the Farm Bill to enhance private lands where grasslands are intact and lesser prairie-chicken numbers are highest. 

The Lesser Prairie-Chicken Initiative (LPCI) was launched in 2010 to promote healthy grazing lands and wildlife habitat in the Southern Great Plains.

Now part of Working Lands for Wildlife, LPCI works through voluntary cooperation, science-based strategies and community support.

Conserving and restoring productive prairie ensures a secure future for ranchers, birds and hundreds of other species who depend on thriving, productive grasslands.

2022 Progress Report

WLFW is enhancing NRCS’ ongoing conservation efforts to support prairie-chicken recovery by strategically focusing the right practices in the right places to achieve beneficial outcomes.

Partnerships between NRCS, scientists and private landowners provide scientific insights and tools that guide broad initiative investments, help plan and implement individual projects, and assess resulting outcomes. 


Our Impact

Success Stories

Real People, Real Success

“Now is the time to come together as a community and save our prairies.”

Scott Stout, Nebraska rancher & burn boss for the Loess Canyons Rangeland Alliance

Meaningful Results

Thanks to the success of proactive conservation, southern grasslands are recovering. 

Proactive, landscape-scale conservation partnerships like LPCI have significantly reduced threats across lesser prairie-chickens' habitat.

The success of landowners' voluntary efforts to keep grasslands whole proves that diverse partners committed to a shared vision can achieve remarkable gains for wildlife.

A ‘Call to Action’ has emerged in the Great Plains to scale-up conservation on private lands and meet the sustainability targets that benefit both agriculture and wildlife.

In 2020, a multi-state, areawide planning initiative produced the first biome-scale framework for grassland wildlife conservation on the region’s sustainable working rangelands. This initiative features an action-based framework for 2021-2025 focused on addressing the two most severe and large-scale threats to the Great Plains biome: woodland expansion and land use conversion.

Rancher Dwight Adell

Landowner Led

Outcome-focused science plays a key role in Working Lands for Wildlife’s approach to conservation on private lands. Photo: Kenton Rowe

Science Informed


Agency Supported

people in a stream doing resstoration

Partner Driven

Ranchers are stewarding our Great Plains heritage of vast skies, beautiful prairies, and room to roam.

At its core, LPCI is about having conversations at kitchen tables to talk through what works best for the people who live on and use the land. We understand the importance of flexibility, and the commitment it takes to build trust and credibility.

Grazing lands support a wealth of wildlife, while also producing our nation's food and fiber. Wildlife-friendly ranching practices that keep grasslands healthy and productive include:

  • Rest-rotation grazing to foster healthy, diverse native plants
  • Strategically using prescribed fire to boost soil health and grass production
  • Removing woody species like juniper and pinyon-pine to improve forage and habitat


Cutting-edge science and technology allows LPCI to direct resources where conservation returns are highest.

By focusing our efforts on where lesser prairie-chicken populations are concentrated -- and by shoring up core habitats -- we are able to spend our first dollar conserving 50 birds instead of just five.

Research shows that sustainable agriculture practices improve soil health, water quality, and plant diversity. Plus, they make rangelands more resilient to drought, fire, and other natural disturbances ... keeping ranches profitable and productive.

LPCI also relies on science to document the outcomes from Farm Bill investments. These new insights help to continually improve conservation practices to ensure we’re benefiting ranchers and wildlife.


LPCI funnels Farm Bill conservation funds to working grasslands in core habitat areas across 5 states.

LPCI offers technical and financial assistance for ranchers who live in the Southern Great Plains through a suite of tried-and-true NRCS programs. These include:

We also offer contractual assurances to give agricultural producers the predictability they need to operate their farms and ranches into the future. Landowners who continue to manage their ranches using NRCS-prescribed conservation practices are ensured regulatory compliance under the Endangered Species Act for up to 30 years. 


While Farm Bill programs fuel LPCI, partners are the engine that powers our work.

Local conservation districts, state wildlife agencies, public land managers, non-profit organizations, universities, volunteer groups and more … it’s inspiring to see so many stepping up to safeguard prairies.

It takes people helping people to get the work done. That’s why LPCI and partners jointly fund field positions in rural communities. From Texas to Colorado, these range and wildlife conservationists are LPCI's “boots on the ground” who support ranchers each day in on-the-ground conservation practices.